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China’s First-class Disciplines Quality
Author(s): 
Pages: 1-10+98-99
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Higher Educational Research in Communications

Keyword:  discipline evaluationdiscipline constructionresearch institutionsscientific research qualityESI Ranking;
Abstract: According to the " Overall Plan to Promote the Development of World-class Universities and First-class Disciplines(2015-2016)",which was issued by the State Council,there will be a number of Chinese universities and disciplines entering the ranks of world-class by 2020.The discipline is the foundation of the University.To build a world-class university should first build a world first-class discipline.In order to understand the development situation of Chinese discipline and its location in the world ranking,this paper studies the quality of the Chinese discipline from a quantitative point of view,according to the " World-class Universities and Discipline Competitiveness Evaluation Report(2015-2016)" released by Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation of Wuhan University in 2015.It is hoped that results of this study can provide reference and decisionmaking basis for promoting the construction of world-class disciplines.First of all,the paper summarizes the research status of the world-class disciplines and the purpose and application value.Secondly,the specific practices of discipline competitiveness evaluation and defining method of worldclass disciplines are explained.Through the detailed analysis of the disciplines and the Chinese scientific research institutions,which have entered into the ranks of world-class,the competitiveness of the Chinese disciplines is fully understood.Through the analysis of the competitiveness of Chinese disciplines,it is found out that the development of Chinese disciplines is very comprehensive,and there are 22 disciplines of Chinese scientific research institutions entering the ESI ranking.Some of the disciplines of some scientific research institutions in China have entered the ranks of world-class and even the forefront.Taking Chinese Academy of Sciences as an example,14 disciplines have entered the ranks of world-class discipline,of which 10 disciplines rank the top 1%,and are named the world’s top discipline.However,the development of most of the disciplines in the world is relatively backward,such as Economics & Business,Immunology,Multidisciplinary,Neuroscience & Behavioral,Psychiatry/Psychology and Space Science.In these 6disciplines,no Chinese research institutions enter the ranks of world-class in the time period of this evaluation.Again,the paper analyzes the number of disciplines and ranking information of Chinese scientific research institutions which have entered the ESI ranking,and comprehensively explores the quality of Chinese disciplines.Compared with the quality of the discipline development of scientific research institutions in the United States,it is found out that there is a certain gap between China and the United States in the number of disciplines entering the ESI ranking,and the quality of Chinese disciplines is obviously weaker than that of the United States.Through the analysis of Chinese scientific research institutions which have more than 10 disciplines into the ESI ranking,it is found out that Chinese Academy of Sciences has 21 disciplines which are included in the ESI ranking,and rank first in China.In addition to the Chinese Academy of Sciences,other research institutions are universities.Colleges and universities can be seen as the main force in China to promote the development of the world-class disciplines.Through the analysis of the discipline ranking,22 disciplines in the rankings all belong to the Chinese research institutions.However,there is a big difference in the distribution of rankings.Only the integral rank circumstance of Chemistry,Engineering and Materials Science is relatively good.Overall,the construction of world-class disciplines in China still has a long way to go.
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