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Review on the Effects of Lifestyle Interventions of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in China
Author(s): 
Pages: 44-48
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Chinese Journal of Social Medicine

Keyword:  Diabetes mellitusLifestyleInterventionReviews;
Abstract: Objectives To investigate the prevalence and analyze the effects and problems of the existing lifestyle intervention studies of diabetes mellitus in China for better diabetes control.Methods The English and Chinese da-tabase of PUBMED,Web of Science,China National Infrastructure (CNKI),Database of Chinese Scientific and Technical Periodicals (VIP)were searched from 1 997 to 2014 to identify all relevant literatures and a literature re-view was carried out.Results 12 studies were identified,involving a total of 2 806 type 2 diabetes patients based on including and excluding criteria.Meta-analysis showed that lifestyle interventions significantly improved FDG (WMD =-1.540,95%CI ,-1.96 to -1.12),diet controlling (OR =5.5 1 6,95%CI ,2.42 to 13.05),reasonable exercise (OR =2.233,95%CI ,1.56 to 3.1 9)and self-monitoring (OR = 3.866,95%CI ,2.23 to 6.69).However,most of these studies were concentrated in large cities and paid inadequate attention to mental health of patients.Health edu-cation programs of the existing studies were imperfect either.Conclusions Lifestyle interventions are effective way to control the development of diabetes and improve the quality of life of diabetes patients.
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