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The Impact of Land Rent on the Formation of Urban Structure and Urban Renewal During Institutional Change
Author(s): 
Pages: 28-34
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Urban Planning Forum

Keyword:  land rentland economic renturban spatial structuringinitial structure of landed interestsurban renewal;
Abstract: 1980年后快速的工业化和城市化引起中国城市的巨变随着土地商品化的改革,土地租金成为土地开发和城市结构建构的重要因素.转型中的制度创造“寻租”机会,土地寻租导致土地租金流失,并且作用于所塑造的城市建成环境,造成新区低密度蔓延、旧区高密度改造和农村非农发展空间细碎化.由此形成具备完整产权的土地利益初始结构将对未来的城市变迁产生深远的影响,显著增加的交易成本有可能阻止城市化向前推进.不妥善处理城市更新中产生的受惠者和受损者双方利益的协调,邻避效应也会阻止城市更新.不努力关注这个挑战,城市被既得利益的现状业主绑架,而更多新城乡移民的利益被放在次位.
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