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Typology of Relations Between Hegemons and Other Great Powers
Author(s): 
Pages: 44-73+157
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: World Economics and Politics

Keyword:  New Model of Major-Country Relationshiphegemonrising powerpower transition;
Abstract: The essence of Sino-U.S.relationship is the relation of hegemon and other great power,but the policy concept "New Model of Major-Country Relationship",which designed to handle this relation,is not working well.The lack of comprehensive research on typology of hegemons and other great powers is one important reason of such failure.This article tries to classify these kinds of relations from the perspective of other great powers’ interaction strategy, "parity" or "follow",toward hegemons in political,economic and security realms.Beside the general classification,this article also examines U.S.-UK,U.S.-USSR,U.S.-Japan and U.S.-Germany relations after WWII as detailed cases.In sum,UK had implemented parity policy in international politics and the bilateral relationship suffered from this attempt;USSR implemented a whole-scale parity policies and became an "equal" enemy of U.S.;Japan had adopted a half-follow policy in international economic realm and brought in fierce economic conflicts between two countries;only Germany kept a highly stable bilateral relationship with U.S.by a comprehensive follow policy.And this article also tends to prove that rising power have never successfully challenged an established hegemon and the transition of hegemony could only be realized by peaceful means.
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