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A Comparative Analysis of the AU and the ASEAN’s Intervention Norms
Author(s): 
Pages: 95-121+158-159
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: World Economics and Politics

Keyword:  ASEANAfrican Unionhumanitarian interventionpractice theorybackground knowledge;
Abstract: With similar start point as regional integration organizations of emerging post-war nation-states,the African Union(AU) and the ASEAN now have divergent performances on the problem of regional interventions.Today,AU realized the normative transformation from the "non-interference" to "non-indifference" while ASEAN is still a staunch supporter of the "non-interference" principle.For the difference between the two,existing IR theories provides various possible explanations,including geopolitical factors,international social pressures,regional normative structure,and historical hatred emotion.However,all of them have loopholes,particularly failing to examine the emergence of divergence in specific historical process.Reflecting on the above shortcomings,the paper derives insights from the development of the IR practice theory and introduces the "practice" perspective and "time" dimension to emphasize that the evolution of regional norm is a complex and open historical process.It highlights the key influences of background knowledge accumulated by different practical experiences.The article argues,experiences accumulated during sanctions against South Africa and Vietnam during the Cold War era,and the subsequent application of these background knowledge during the Rwanda crisis and the Burma issue,and the interaction cycle between the two,pushed Africa and Southeast Asia to promote different regional cooperation practice.Different key historical practices produced different background information of engaging with intervention.Based on similar concerns of maintaining domestic regime security,the AU’s collective sanctions doctrine has updated rather than broken with a traditional interpretation of non-interference,while for ASEAN,the longstanding tradition of informality and adherence to non-interference has continued to rule out regional sanctions.
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