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Analysis on death cause of malignant tumors in Hebei District of Tianjin,2004-2013
Author(s): 
Pages: 69-72
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Chinese Journal of Health Education

Keyword:  Death surveillanceCancerMortalityAnnual percent change;
Abstract: Objective To understand cancer mortality levels and trends from 2004 to 2013 years in Hebei District of Tianjin,to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of malignant tumors.Methods Collecting the canc-er mortality data from the death monitoring database 2004 -2013 of Hebei Districts Center for Disease Control and Preven-tion,calculation of cancer mortality,standardized mortality.The standardized mortality for logarithmic conversion fit linear regression model,using the resulting regression coefficient βestimated annual percent change (annual percent change, APC)changes in mortality and statistical test results,the use of APC to display the cancer deaths trend rate.Using the death of the sex ratio (male mortality/female mortality)to analysis of gender differences in cancer mortality.Results Tianjin City residents of Hebei District annual report of cancer mortality was 227.86 /100 000 from 2004 -2013 years,the lowest standard mortality was 94.13 /100 000 of 2011 years,the highest standard mortality was 135.64 /100 000 of 2007 years. Annual report of male mortality was 263.80 /100 000,annual report of female mortality rate was 191.62 /100 000.Male cancer standardized mortality rate was higher than female (P <0.05)from 2005 -2013 years.The mortality of cancer in He-bei District had no obviouschange trend,APC =-0.42% (t =-0.36,P =0.73),cervical cancer standardized mortality rate was on the rise,APC =17.00% (t =3.09,P =0.015).Lung cancer,liver cancer,gastric cancer and esophageal cancer standardized mortality rate of male were higher than the female,the death of the sex ratio (male mortality/female mortality)was more than 1.In the five major cancer of Hebei District,male lung cancer and colorectal cancer was rising, the ACP were 0.072% and 1.688%,but had no statistical significance,all female cancer showed a downward trend,there was no statistical significance.Conclusion Cancer has become one of the major killer diseases for residents of Hebei Dis-trict.We should carry out work targeted for different kind people.cancer prevention is early detection,early diagnosis,early treatment,then reduce the rate of cancer mortality.
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