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Identification of the Pathogen Causing Chinese Cabbage Verticillium wilt in Xinjiang
Author(s): 
Pages: 2264-2267
Year: Issue:  12
Journal: Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences

Keyword:  Chinese cabbageVerticillium wiltpathogenicity;
Abstract: [目的]2013年在新疆石河子大学农学院试验站试验田的白菜上出现了一种叶片黄化,根茎部维管束变色的病害,查明其病原种类.[方法]采用组织分离法对病组织茎秆进行分离、纯化获得单孢纯培养菌株;通过常规纸钵撕底沾根法对其进行致病性测定;用形态学和rDNA-ITS序列分析对病原菌进行鉴定.[结,果]分离菌株的菌落形态、分生孢子梗和分生孢子的形态都与大丽轮枝菌(Verticillium dahliae)一致;经分子生物学鉴定,该菌的rDNA-ITS序列与中国棉花黄萎病菌的ITS序列(登录号KC156636.1)相似性达98.0%,故将其鉴定为V.dahliae.[结论]明确了新疆石河子地区白菜黄萎病的病原种类.由于黄萎病是一种典型的土传病害,在黄萎病重病田轮作倒茬时不要种植白菜,以免引起经济损失.
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