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Journal Articles
Distribution of Formic Acid after Methanol Intoxication in Rats
Pages: 450-453
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Journal of Forensic Medicine

Keyword:  forensic toxicologypoisoningm ethanolform ic acidhigh perform ance liquid chrom atogra-phytissue distribution;
Abstract: Objective To investigate concentration and distribution in blood and tissues of form icacid after m ethanol intoxication in rats. Methods The Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into groups for con-trol group and 3-day and 7-day intoxication treatm ent groups. The experim ental groups were adm inis-tered m ethanol by gavage with the initial dose of 8 m L/kg and followed with 4 m L/kg supplem ental dose 24 h later. After 3 days and 7 days later, rats were killed by decapitation. Then sam ples of cardiac blood, liver, kidney, brain, heart and stom ach of each group were collected. Form icacid concentrations were detected by high perform ance liquid chrom atography. Results Form icacid concentrations in tissues were higher than in blood. Com pared with 3-day intoxication group, there was an increase form icacid of concentration in brain and stom ach in 7-day intoxication group, while a decrease in liver and kidney (P<0.05). Conclusion H igh perform ance liquid chrom atography could be used to accurately detect form icacid. As the m etabolite of m ethanol, form icacid accum ulates in rat blood and tissues after intoxication and the concentrations in organs and tissues are obviously higher than in blood.
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