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Roles and Mechanisms of External Scholars in Chinese Conflict Resolution
Pages: 121-130
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Chinese Public Administration

Keyword:  mass Disturbanceconflictexternal experts and scholarsconflict resolutionsocial governance;
Abstract: More and more mass disturbances or conflicts occurred in China in recent years,and the situation allows of no delay.Based on a comparative study of twenty five typical cases,the study had three major findings.(1)External scholars significantly influenced the resolution and governance of modern mass disturbances or conflicts.(2)The characteristics of mass disturbances or conflicts also had effects on the participation of experts and scholars in the resolution of mass disturbances or conflicts,and experts and scholars often had high participation in interest protection,network,rural,community,and environmental mass disturbances or conflicts.(3)Scholars who participated in successful resolution of mass disturbances or conflicts often shared seven major key characteristics:a)high professional knowledge and personal qualities;b)promoting the communication between opposing parties in the conflict;c)timely information feedback;d)providing rational strategies for organizational actions;e)providing professional and tangible evidence for the negotiation of opposing parties;f)good interactions with internal scholars;g)having sufficient support from other social actors.This study provides a theoretical and empirical support for studying mass disturbances or conflicts and the role of experts and scholars in social governance and can be a reference for both researchers and practitioners.
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