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Du Fu’s Joking Remarks on Six Quatrains and Cao Pi’s Lun Wen in Dian Lun
Author(s): 
Pages: 85-91
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Humanities & Social Sciences Journal of Hainan University

Keyword:  Joking Remarks on Six QuatrainsLun Wen(Essay on Literature) in Dian Lun(Classical Theories)theoretical systemcomparative study;
Abstract: Du Fu’s Joking Remarks on Six Quatrains in the construction of theoretical system,completely inherits the literary thought in Cao Pi’s Lun Wen( Essay on Literature) in Dian Lun( Classical Theories). In terms of unhealthy practice of critics,"endlessly sarcastic comments by shallow critics"is close to the view that "two of a trade never agree". Hence the proposition of"sarcastic comments of shallow critics",controversial and disputable,is analyzed in this paper. In terms of the critical methods and standards,similarities exist between "not depreciating the contemporary and loving the ancient"and the theory of "cherishing the faraway but humiliating the nearby". As for how to put into practice this critical principle,"reading as widely as ten thousand volumes"by Du Fu meet the ideas of "reading through Five Classics and Four Books". In stylistics,Du Fu’s"composing poems instead of articles"and "entirely acquiring the advantages of ancient and modern styles"also agree with Cao Pi’s expressions that"the style of article is not limited within one type and few people can be good at all the styles",and meantime"the competent always have the partial preference and only the all-round ones can do well in all styles of articles". In terms of attitudes towards value,Cao Pi’s view that "immortal articles leave reputation behind"is extremely identical with Du Fu’s idea that "both bodies and names of mediocre writers have disappeared while( the other four outstanding ancient scholars and their works) will last forever like the untiring rivers. "
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