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Study on Laminae or Lamella Groups and Types of Stalagmite in Caves
Author(s): 
Pages: 435-441
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: ACTA SEDIMENTOLOGICA SINICA

Keyword:  洞穴石笋沉积纹(壳)层层组类型古气候环境;
Abstract: 石笋是洞穴碳酸钙沉积的典型滴石类型,也是岩溶记录中最全面、最系统的古气候环境信息载体,随着高分辨率测年技术和测试方法的提高,它在重建古气候环境方面具有重要的意义.石笋沉积纹层的组合、厚度、粒度和层面构造等,是恢复成笋滴水动态及相关古水文条件的物质基础,其中不少古气候环境信息,具强烈直观感,聚集物证、形象地记录于石笋剖面中,易观测研究.通过大量石笋纵剖面观测和系统的同位素组成、微(痕)量元素、特征性纹层的分析研究,证实石笋沉积纹(壳)层具韵律性组合和沉积旋回性及其古气候环境显示.首次提出石笋具叠锥型、叠柱型、叠锥叠柱复(组)合型纹(壳)层组和连续性、旋回性、间断(歇)性叠复纹(壳)层层组类型的沉积构造,并阐述各自的特征、滴流水动态和气候环境演变特征.
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