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Comparison on Characterization of Polyphenol Oxidase Extracted from Various Source
Author(s): 
Pages: 23-27
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Journal of Putian Univeristy

Keyword:  果蔬褐变多酚氧化酶酶学性质;
Abstract: 以四种常见果蔬为原料,用磷酸盐缓冲溶液匀浆法提取多酚氧化酶(Polyphenol Oxidase,PPO),考察了不同来源PPO的活力差异,分析了底物浓度对PPO活性的影响,探讨了过程的反应动力学,并对多种酶抑制剂对PPO活性的影响进行比较,为控制加工过程中果蔬的酶促褐变提供了理论依据.试验结果表明:以左旋多巴为底物,马铃薯、茄子、双孢蘑菇和富士苹果的PPO活力分别为8.63、3.81、31.08和2.82 U/mL,米氏常数分别为5.89、21.31、4.23和16.69 mmol/L;熊果苷对四种PPO几乎没有抑制作用,而曲酸和抗坏血酸对PPO酶活的抑制明显,其中曲酸的抑制为可逆抑制.
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