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Research on "Faking Good" and Malingering Reaction and Development in Rorschach Inkblot Test
Author(s): 
Pages: 1207-1212
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Psychological Science

Keyword:  Rorschach Inkblot Test"faking good" responsemalingering response;
Abstract: Traditionally, people believe that they cannot conceal their psychological problems in the Rorschach test. In effect, they have a motive to consciously "fake good". Some research has indicated that the Rorschach is unaffected by deliberate manipulation. But people will produce Rorschach protocols with a greater number of popular responses(P), a higher Lambda score(L), a greater number of personalized answers(PER), and a lower total number of responses(R). Recently, researchers have found that the Wikipedia-hosted Rorschach article contains a wealth of information, with topics of varying depth and accuracy. For example, the page contains factual portrayals of all ten inkblots and a list of "popular responses" next to each card. While the prevalence of online information related to the Rorschach as well as Internet users’ reactions to the media coverage surrounding the Rorschach-Wikipedia controversy, several researchers have started to investigate how the Wikipedia article may impact Rorschach results. The authors conclude that the Wikipedia article may allow examinees to present themselves as having better reality testing than they actually do. Also, the examinees would exhibit significant perceptual accuracy. However, the Rorschach test results depend on the pooled analysis and structural evaluation of a number of indicators; the above variation usually does not have substantial impacts. Many clinicians are quick to point out that projective measures are immune to attempts at deception. This widely held belief likely arose from early studies of malingering and the Rorschach test. However, it becomes difficult to conclude whether or not individuals who are attempting the deception are without the use of a comparable control group. More recent studies of malingering and the Rorschach test present mixed results. Some studies have suggested that the Rorschach protocols of individuals identified as malingerers do not differ from the Rorschach protocols of individuals. In contrast, other studies have raised concerns that some individuals motivated to feign a psychological disorder may indeed be able to produce Rorschach Symptom. Participants instructed to feign a mental illness typically produce fewer total responses, a low number of popular responses and a greater number of dramatic contents scores. This suggests that the Rorschach test is not immune to manipulation. However, it is important to bear in mind that the Rorschach as a diagnostic tool has demonstrated mixed results in the literature. A number of studies have compared the utility of the MMPI with the Rorschach test to detect examinees who feign psychological disorders. These results imply that the Rorschach test can significantly distinguish the coached examinees with MMPI. If the use of the Rorschach test is carried out jointly with the MMPI test, concealing reaction can accurately assess the participants. In addition, the participants’ reaction should be treated with caution, as much of the sensitive contents of Rorschach test are exposed on the Internet. Finally, the establishment of specialized Rorschach validity scales may solve problems associated with the participants’ "faking good" and malingering behaviors.Key words Rorschach Inkblot Test, "faking good" response, malingering response
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