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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC ANALYSIS OF JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS IN MAINLAND CHINA DURING 2008 ~ 2013
Author(s): 
Pages: 82-87
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Acta Parasitology et Medica Entomologica Sinica

Keyword:  Japanese encephalitisEpidemiological characteristicVaccine immunizationMosquito;
Abstract: 本文采用描述性流行病学方法,分析乙脑疫苗纳入国家免疫规划后2008~2013年流行性乙型脑炎(乙脑)流行病学特征,为完善乙脑疫苗免疫接种策略和控制乙脑流行提供依据.结果显示,2008~2013年各年度乙脑报告发病率较纳入前(2005 ~2007年)均有明显下降;乙脑流行区在不断变化;乙脑发病的季节分布与传播媒介蚊虫的消长时间基本一致;乙脑疫苗接种对象2~6岁组儿童乙脑报告发病率在各年龄组别中最高,大龄儿童和成人病例构成比增加.提示乙脑疫苗常规免疫存在薄弱环节,防蚊、灭蚊仍将作为防控乙脑发病的重要策略;成人以及新疆、青海、西藏接种乙脑疫苗的免疫策略亟需加强.
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