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RISK EVALUATION SYSTEM ON IMPORTED MEDICAL VECTORS AND VECTOR-BORNE DISEASE FOR INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION SHIPS
Author(s): 
Pages: 117-125
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Acta Parasitology et Medica Entomologica Sinica

Keyword:  International navigation shipsHealth quarantineImported medical vectorsRisk analysisRisk assessmentRisk management;
Abstract: 国际航行船舶是外来媒介及虫媒病传入的重要途径.对国际航行船舶的疫情传入风险进行科学评估既是《国际卫生条例2005》的要求,也是提高检疫效率、减少对贸易和人员干扰的需要.本文运用AS/NZS ISO 31000∶2009风险管理的方法,采用了文献分析法、头脑风暴法、德尔菲法、风险矩阵法对风险进行识别、估计、评价和建立风险决策措施.提出了19种传入风险可能性影响因素和15种传入风险危害严重程度影响因素,确定了相应权重,建立了国际航行船舶外来媒介及虫媒病传入风险评估模型.该风险评估系统是建立在提前获知的客观、易评价的船舶基本信息基础上的风险预评估系统,可以通过预判得出风险评估的结果,根据风险评估得出的风险等级确定船舶检疫方式及相应的风险应对措施,指导本次国际航行船舶卫生检疫实践.
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