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Theory and Practice of China’s Participation in the Middle East Conflict Governance
Pages: 79-98
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: West Asia and Africa

Keyword:  Global GovernanceChinese DiplomacyThe Middle EastConflict Governance"Up-bottom" Principle;
Abstract: Since the early 21st century,the Middle East conflicts can generally be classified into four types,i.e.the conflicts between outside powers and the Middle East countries,between the Middle East countries,between different political parties and religious sects within a sovereign state,as well as the transnational and cross- border conflicts.The mode of China’ s participation in the Middle East conflict governance includes the political,security and social ones.There are three categories of domestic mechanisms in Chinese practice,i.e.the special envoy mechanism by the Foreign Ministry,the convoy and peace-keeping mechanisms by the Defense Ministry and the foreign aid mechanism by the Ministry of Commerce.The China- Arab States Cooperation Forum,the Forum on China- Africa Cooperation,the UN and other international organizations constitute the major international mechanism for China’ s conflict governance.China’ s Middle East governance is not only " public goods" for the region,but also a means for China to build constructive great power relations with the US,the EU and Russia,etc.The styles of Chinese and Western conflict governance in the Middle East vary,and the Chinese side places more emphasis on improving the Middle East people’ s well-being as the top agenda,on following "up- bottom" principle,and on seeking an incremental,consultative,inclusive,and selective governance in the Middle East conflict.
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