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wang chong lun qi du lun heng chao qi pian zha ji
Author(s): 
Pages: 117-124
Year: Issue:  3
Journal: Journal of Xiamen University(Arts & Social Sciences)

Keyword:  作家论《太史公自序》批评史史迁史传文学批评非十二子《典论·论文》论六家要旨袁山松;
Abstract: <正> 王充《论衡·超奇篇》,在我国思想史上、文学理论批评史上都有着重要价值。可惜历来对这篇奇文注意不够,即使论及,亦语焉不详,或未把握住要旨。《超奇篇》内容丰富,思想警拔。王充综观汉兴以来一代学术,分析、品第了汉代知识分子。所论作者,上自汉以前的孔子,下至“生于今世”,与王充同时同地的周树(长生),举凡书奏、史传、论说、辞赋,无不涉及。因此,有人认为《超奇篇》是我国文学批评“作家论”的滥觞。事实上,《荀子·非十二子》和《庄子·天下篇》已开作家通论先河,《淮南子·要略》继之,史迁《太史公自序》引司马谈论六家要旨再扬其波。王充《论衡·超奇篇》提到的作者虽达廿一人之多,其主要目的还在于通过某一
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