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ying hua ji dan yi chun an you suan zuo de lin chuang ying yong
Author(s): 
Pages: 222-224
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: World Clinical Drugs

Keyword:  硬化疗法硬化剂食道静脉曲张油酸酯分流术曲张静脉紧急止血注射针手术疗法穿刺针;
Abstract: <正> 1939年Crafoord等报道食道静脉曲张的硬化疗法,用一特制的注射针给18岁女性食道静脉曲张患者的曲张静脉中注入乌拉坦奎宁。二十世纪四十年代后半期由于各种门脉减压分流术的实施,以及当时缺乏目前的内镜及特制的穿刺针,因此硬化疗法仅用于不能行分流术患者的紧急止血。1978年高濑等报道在内镜下以5%乙醇胺油酸酯(EO)进行硬化疗法,由于其较手术疗法损害小,简单及效果好,其后于内镜下行硬化疗法迅速被广泛采用。本文报道其药理作用及临床应
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