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The Storing and Binding Time of Picture Features in Visual Working Memory
Author(s): 
Pages: 1073-1076
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE

Keyword:  视觉客体工作记忆特征捆绑视觉客体工作记忆加工时程;
Abstract: 采用单探测变化检测范式,考察了形状和颜色客体在工作记忆中的表征方式、特征检测类型及初始刺激呈现时间对工作记忆表征的影响.结果表明:(1)视觉客体工作记忆的表征包括两个水平,首先是对客体的特征进行加工存储,其次才是对特征的捆绑;(2)不同特征的加工时间不同,颜色的加工完成的较早,记忆效果好,而形状的加工完成的较晚,记忆效果也差,表现出颜色的子系统优势;(3)特征的捆绑不是必需的,只有在任务需要时才进行,并且捆绑的过程符合特征捆绑的双阶段理论.
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