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The Effects of Gist Representations and Verbatim Representations on False Recognition
Author(s): 
Pages: 1091-1094,1072
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE

Keyword:  关键诱词要点表征字词表征错误再认;
Abstract: 关键诱词是指在学习中没有出现的、跟所学单词有一定关联的词.学习者对关键诱词提取时错误再认率(即虚报率)较高,这被称之为错误再认现象.有人认为是要点表征导致了错误记忆,但也有人认为记忆中是字词表征起主要作用.本研究针对要点表征和字词表征对中学生英语单词学习中错误再认的影响进行了2×7的混合设计,分别考查了分类分组呈现单词和随机呈现单词对中学生英语单词再认的影响,同时考查了关键诱词的虚报率与学习次数的关系.发现:(1)学习分类分组呈现单词的被试,对关键诱词的虚报率明显高于学习随机呈现单词的被试,说明要点表征在错误再认中起着重要作用;(2)对关键诱词的虚报率与学习次数之间呈现倒V型的关系,说明在学习初始阶段,要点表征在错误再认中起主要作用;但在学习的后期,字词表征在再认中的作用占据了主要地位.
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