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Application of a method of identifying anisotropy types by azimuths of fast flexural waves in frequency domain
Author(s): 
Pages: 457-468
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Acta Petrolei Sinica

Keyword:  fast azimuthanisotropycross-dipole acoustic well-logginganisotropy types identification;
Abstract: 利用正交阵列偶极声波测井可以提取地层各向异性,但有效区分各向异性的成因类型,特别是区分应力诱导成因还是裂缝等固有成因是个难题.在应力引起的各向异性中,由于应力的集中效应,快弯曲波方位角度在高、低频段的差值接近90°,而在裂缝、页理等固有的各向异性中,快弯曲波方位角度在高、低频段的差值接近0°.基于快、慢弯曲波声源信号一致的特征,构建了新的特征函数,实现了全频段快弯曲波方位角度的计算,同时在反演过程中引入全频段快弯曲波慢度始终小于慢弯曲波的约束条件,极大提高了反演计算的正确率.该方法不仅使正交阵列偶极声波测井能够提取各向异性,还能进一步区分各向异性类型,有效扩展正交阵列偶极声波测井在非常规储层勘探中的应用领域和深度.
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