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Why Apologize to Thucydides:the Historical Anthropology and the Studies on War of Marshall Sahlins
Pages: 52-61
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: World Ethno-National Studies

Keyword:  萨林斯历史人类学向修昔底德道歉辩证历史民族中心主义;
Abstract: Apologies to Thucydides is a recent work by the American anthropologist Marshall Sahlins.With the method of historical anthropology,he makes a comparative study between the civil war of Fiji in the 19 th century and the Peloponnesian war of ancient Greece.He argues that a dual dialectical perspective should be applied and cultural interaction should be stressed in the research on cultural change.Furthermore,he maintains that historians should adopt a cultural anthropology stance to avoid ethnic centralism.Centered on these points,this essay draws a critical discussion on the development of the related theories and arguments of Marshall Sahlins,including the academic bias of the American anthropology tradition revealed in his works,the conceptual confusions and general applicability of the theory.
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