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An investigation on the status and reason of somking among aged 18 to 65 years old female residents in Chengdu
Author(s): 
Pages: 1031-1033
Year: Issue:  11
Journal: Chinese Journal of Health Education

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Abstract: 目的 了解成都市18 ~65岁社区女性吸烟情况,并对吸烟原因进行分析.方法 对成都市社区女性采用多阶段随机抽样,进行自制一般人口学资料问卷、自制吸烟行为问卷及Russell吸烟原因问卷调查.采用x2检验及t检验进行统计分析.结果 833名女性中吸烟人数为91人,吸烟率为10.92%.除重型吸烟率外,不同人口学特征的吸烟率、现在吸烟率、常吸烟率均有统计学意义.在吸烟的心理因素方面,以“镇静”、“口手活动”、“刺激”为主.吸烟依赖者的“口手活动”“享乐”“镇静”“刺激”分量表得分均高于无依赖者,差异有统计学意义(=13.66,12.28,8.84,11.63,P<0.01);“心理意象”得分2组间比较差异无统计学意义(t=1.39,P>0.05).结论 女性群体是控烟干预不可忽视的重要对象,应针对其重点人群及主要吸烟原因进行有的放矢的控烟工作.
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