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Multicomponent seismic forward modeling of gas hydrates beneath the seafloor
Pages: 418-428+509
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Applied Geophysics

Keyword:  gas hydratesBSRfinite differenceforward modelingstaggered grid;
Abstract: We investigated the effect of microscopic distribution modes of hydrates in porous sediments, and the saturation of hydrates and free gas on the elastic properties of saturated sediments. We simulated the propagation of seismic waves in gas hydrate-bearing sediments beneath the seafloor, and obtained the common receiver gathers of compressional waves(P-waves) and shear waves(S-waves). The numerical results suggest that the interface between sediments containing gas hydrates and free gas produces a large-amplitude bottomsimulating reflector. The analysis of multicomponent common receiver data suggests that ocean-bottom seismometers receive the converted waves of upgoing P- and S-waves, which increases the complexity of the wavefield record.
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