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"Discourse of Danger" in American Central Asian Studies and Its Political Effects
Pages: 93-113+159
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: World Economics and Politics

Keyword:  Central Asian studies in AmericaU.S.policy in Central AsiaAmerican diplomacycritical discourse analysis"discourse of danger";
Abstract: Central Asian studies in America is an important and indispensable part of U.S.involvement in Central Asian affairs.Nowadays,one of the mainstream discourses in American Central Asian studies is the " discourse of danger",which has lots of influences on the U.S.Central Asian policy.Highlighting the perils in the political,economic,social,cultural fields through one-sided and distorted representation of the Central Asian countries,the "discourse of danger" constructs an image of Central Asian countries that may be engulfed by these perils at any time.Among these perils,the "discourse of danger" refers most to the problems that have been encountered in Central Asian countries state-building process,and the influence of great powers’ ambitions towards the Central Asia,especially Russia’s traditional influence in this region.Although the image construction by "discourse of danger" does not reflect the realities of Central Asian countries,it produces significant political consequences.For example,the "discourse of danger" not only influences the image about Central Asia of American academic community,decision-makers and general public,but also directs and facilitates the formulation and implementation of American Central Asian policy.Although the policy based on the "discourse of danger" has gotten some international legitimacy and domestic rationality,it does not always bring about positive effects.As for the U.S.,when making its Central Asian policy in line with the " discourse of danger",it will find that their strategic goals will encounter great challenges.
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