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Role of MCPH1 in the DNA damage response
Author(s): 
Pages: 2041-2044
Year: Issue:  13
Journal: The Journal of Practical Medicine

Keyword:  Esophageal neoplasmsIonizing radiationDNA double-strand damageHistone H2AX-phosphorylation;
Abstract: Objective To discover the role of MCPH1 in DNA double-strand damage induced by ionizing radiation and its relationship with H2AX in esophageal cancer cell ECA109. Methods ECA109 cancer cells accepted 8 Gy 1 h after irradiation were collected for protein extraction and immunofluorescence then MCPH1 and H2AX protein expression and nuclear foci changes were observed. A stable low expression of H2AX cell lines was established and MCPH1 and H2AX protein expression and nuclear foci changes induced by ionizing radiation after silence H2AX were detected. Results (1)A stable low expression of H2AX cell lines in ECA109 cells was successfully constructed. (2)Ionizing radiation could cause the increase of r-H2AX and MCPH1 protein expression, as the same as nuclear focus increase of r-H2AX and MCPH1. (3)The protein level and nucleus focus of r-H2AX and MCPH1 were significantly reduced in ECA109 after silence H2AX. Conclusion MCPH1 is the part of DNA damage response triggered by ionizing radiation and is located in damage response downstream and can be regulated by H2AX.
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