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shi shen de kui mie
Author(s): 
Pages: 54-63
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Readings

Keyword:  士绅阶层曾国藩乡村毛泽东太平军科举制宗族暴力儒家大城市;
Abstract: <正>在中国过去的年代,"士绅"通常是指那些有教养的人,他们经过科举制的筛选,有层序地分布在城市和乡村,由于士绅在乡间地位特殊,自然一直就是小民闹事的首选标靶。士绅又是"官"与"民"沟通的中介,地位既敏感又尴尬,虽可以两边说话,却又须担载风险,搞得好两边皆大欢喜,搞不好两头都要得罪。当他站在"民"的立场也许会为百姓说上几句好话,如果只从"官"的角度设想,可能就会充当皇权意旨插入民间的管道,仗势官府欺压良民堕落成恶人
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