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Quality control of modern phosphating Part III-Troubleshooting
Pages: 441-445
Year: Issue:  10
Journal: Electroplating & Finishing

Keyword:  metalphosphatingtroubleshooting;
Abstract: The problems occurred during normal temperature lightweight iron phosphate or iron-zinc phosphate conversion, normal or low temperature zinc phosphate conversion, moderate temperature zinc phosphate conversion, moderate temperature zinc phosphate conversion for shot-blasted fasteners, zinc phosphate conversion for cold-worked parts, moderate and high temperature black Zn-Mn-Ca and Mn-Ca phosphate conversion, and chemical oxidation (chromate or chromate-phosphate conversion) for aluminum and its alloys were analyzed. The corresponding treatment methods were presented.
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