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A Preliminary Analysis of Starch Grains on the Surface of Stone Artifacts from the Kengnan Site
Author(s): 
Pages: 70-81
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Acta Anthropologica Sinica

Keyword:  KengnanEarly NeolithicStone artifactsStarch grainsPlant;
Abstract: 本文分析了河南淅川坑南遗址新石器早期2个层位出土的35件石制品的淀粉粒,在17件石制品表面发现150粒淀粉粒,它们可能分别来自黍族(包括黍属、糠稷或粟属)、薏苡属、小麦族秸秆和根茎类植物,一定程度反映了该地区先民植物资源的利用情况.第②与第③层淀粉粒数量和种类的对比表明,第②层淀粉粒数量和种类都有着大幅增加,一种可能是不同层位埋藏环境的差别导致淀粉粒保存情况的不同,另一种可能是与当时先民获取更多种类的植物资源有关.同一类型石制品表面淀粉粒数量与种类的差别,也暗示了不同石料本身硬度、孔隙对淀粉粒的吸附与捕获能力的影响.
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