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Hydraulic experimental studies on the spillway of Longtangou reservoir
Author(s): 
Pages: 62-69
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Hydro-Science and Engineering

Keyword:  Longtangou reservoirstepped overflow damcontinuous flip buckethydraulic model test;
Abstract: 采用几何比尺为1∶30的大比尺整体枢纽水工模型,根据重力相似准则,进行了龙潭沟水库溢流坝泄洪消能水力学试验研究.试验结果表明,设计洪水时,原设计方案及修改方案都不会对下游河床造成冲刷;下游河道水流平稳,流速分布均匀.校核洪水时,随着溢流坝过坝流量的增加,单宽流量增加坝面水深增大,原设计光滑溢流坝面沿程水流掺气消能效果欠佳,下游流速大、水流紊乱,挑流水舌下游造成严重冲刷,影响泄洪安全.通过方案修改优化,提出阶梯溢流坝台阶尺寸为0.90 m×0.72 m+连续挑坎方案新型消能形式,宣泄校核洪水时消能率较高,且下游河道水流平稳,流速较低且分布均匀,满足龙潭沟水库工程的安全泄洪.
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