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Street Design Fundamentals and Difference in Street and Roadway
Pages: 61-65,73
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Urban Transport of China

Keyword:  urban roadstreet designstreetroadwayuser-oriented;
Abstract: Existing urban road planning and design in China often focus on solving motorized traffic prob-lems and overlook the demand of human activities and street space design. This paper first reviews the con-cepts of street and roadway, and then compares the different concept between street and roadway domesti-cally and internationally. The paper points out that street and roadway are different in space, function, user and traffic characteristics. Street design emphasizes public space and roadway design focuses on vehicular flow. Through discussing the difference of urban road classification between U.K., U.S., Japan and China, the paper reveals the difference in the concept of street and roadway in these countries. Based on people-oriented principle, the paper points out that street design should improve street security, compatibility and substitutability, and promote environmental protection and the coordination of multi-level space.
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