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Preparation of porous corundum-mullite ceramics by foam-gel casting method
Author(s): 
Pages: 334-337
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Refractories

Keyword:  silica solfoam-gel casting methodcorundum-mullitelinear shrinkage rate on heatingporous ceramics;
Abstract: 以T60板状刚玉粉(d50=10.74 μm)、ZTP-200氧化铝微粉(d50=4.96μm)、RG4000煅烧氧化铝微粉(d50=1.46 μm)和NS-30型硅溶胶为原料,采用泡沫注凝法制备了刚玉-莫来石多孔陶瓷,主要研究了粉料粒度级配(d50分别为1.46、4.96、10.74 μm的三种氧化铝粉料的质量分数分别为44%、26%、30%,36%、28%、36%,30%、29%、41%,21%、29%、50%)和浆料中硅溶胶加入量(质量分数分别为0、2%、4%)对坯体的烧后收缩及烧后试样的致密度、常温耐压强度、热导率、相组成和显微结构的影响.结果表明:1)d50=10.74 μm的粗颗粒加入量增加,试样的烧后线收缩率、致密度和常温耐压强度减小;2)硅溶胶加入量增加,试样的烧后线收缩率和体积密度减小,但由于SiO2与Al2 O3反应生成莫来石,试样的常温耐压强度变化较复杂;3)泡沫注凝法制备的刚玉-莫来石复相多孔陶瓷具有球形孔结构,平均孔径约为140 μm,其性能如下:烧后线收缩率9.29%,体积密度0.78 g·cm-3,显气孔率79.8%,常温耐压强度25.3 MPa,1-00℃(热面温度)下的热导率为0.481W·m-1·K-1.
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