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Effect of calcium aluminate cement addition on properties of alumina-spinel well blocks of ladle purging plugs
Author(s): 
Pages: 351-354
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Refractories

Keyword:  Key words :well block of purging plugcalcium aluminate cementthermal shock resistancealumina-spinel castablesexplosion resistance;
Abstract: 以粒度6~3、3~1、≤1 mm的板状刚玉颗粒为骨料,粒度≤0.074 mm的板状刚玉和烧结尖晶石细粉为基质,活性α-Al2O3微粉、纯铝酸钙水泥为结合剂,聚丙烯纤维、偶氮甲酰胺、碳酸氢钠及聚丙烯纤维+碳酸氢钠为防爆剂,制备了刚玉-尖晶石质钢包透气砖座砖,研究了水泥加入量(质量分数分别为2%、4%、6%、8%和10%)对透气砖座砖常温性能、抗热震性和抗爆裂性能的影响.结果表明:随着水泥加入量的增加,110 ℃干燥后常温强度增加,1 560℃烧后常温强度、显气孔率和线变化率先增加后降低;水泥加入量6%(w)时试样的强度最低,显气孔率和线变化率最大,其常温性能最差;随着水泥加入量的增加,1 100℃水冷3次后试样的强度保持率增加,抗热震性能改善,水泥加入量为10%(w)时抗热震性最好;采用碳酸氢钠或碳酸氢钠+聚丙烯有机纤维复合的防爆剂试样的抗爆裂效果最好.研制的透气砖座砖在150 t转炉钢包上使用,寿命由原来的平均31次提高到平均36次.
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