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Properties of light weight forsterite materials prepared with Na2SO4 medium
Author(s): 
Pages: 358-361
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Refractories

Keyword:  sodium sulphateforsteritelight weight materialsmicrostructure;
Abstract: 以天然镁橄榄石和Na2SO4为原料,采用树脂作为结合剂,将原料压制成型,分别经900、1 000、1 100℃保温10h烧后,再经过蒸馏水洗盐处理,经110℃24h烘干后制备了镁橄榄石轻质材料.检测了试样的体积密度、显气孔率及常温耐压强度,并利用XRD、SEM及EDS分析了原料的相组成和试样的显微结构.结果表明:随着烧成温度的升高,镁橄榄石烧结程度良好,在材料中形成骨架结构;当镁橄榄石与熔盐Na2SO4的理论质量比为1∶1时,熔盐与镁橄榄石反应生成的MgO具有较完整的晶体形貌,晶粒尺寸大的约5μm,小的约1μm;当镁橄榄石与熔盐Na2SO4的理论质量比为1∶1.3,在1 100℃烧后,经蒸馏水洗盐处理后的试样综合性能最佳,其显气孔率为56%,体积密度为1.3 g·cm-3,耐压强度为18 MPa.
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