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lin yu si jia xi de gong cun dui xiao bai cai lin xi xi shou ji zhuan yun de ying xiang
Author(s): 
Pages: 2020-2026
Year: Issue:  7
Journal: Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae

Keyword:  phosphateselenitegrowthuptaketranslocation;
Abstract: 采用土培盆栽试验和化学分析相结合的方法,研究了不同浓度磷酸盐与四价硒共存对小白菜生长、磷和硒吸收及转运的影响,旨在为安全有效地进行补硒和硒污染土壤的植物修复提供理论依据.结果表明,在供试硒浓度范围内(≤5.0mg·kg-1),施磷均显著促进了小白菜的生长,表现为地上、地下部生物量的增大(p<0.01).与单施磷相比,硒与磷共存能抑制小白菜根系生长,且抑制其对磷的吸收.磷对小白菜硒吸收的影响与硒、磷浓度有关,表现为促进作用和抑制作用并存,当硒浓度较高时(≥2.5mg·kg-1),与无磷对照相比施磷可促进小白菜根系对硒的吸收;但高磷处理却导致小白菜地下部硒浓度较低磷处理显著下降.小白菜对磷酸盐的选择性吸收要强于亚硒酸盐,且高浓度磷能抑制硒由小白菜地下部向地上部的转运.故在进行补硒或硒污染土壤修复时,应特别注意合理施磷,以免过量施磷对作物硒吸收和转运的影响.
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