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sen lin wu yan huo zai de huo shou sang tian niu
Author(s): 
Pages: 28-29+41
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: CHINA NATURE

Keyword:  桑天牛火灾褐天牛桑粒肩天牛幼虫成虫森林危害无烟桑科植物;
Abstract: <正> 宋代大文学家苏东坡在《题雍秀才草虫八物》诗中云:“两角徒自长,空飞不服箱。为牛意何事,利吻害枯桑。”诗中的“牛”即指天牛(见《尔雅》)或桑天牛,可见在很早以前人们就认识到了桑天牛的危害。近年来,天牛灾害正在席卷我国大面积人工林,它们的危害,可使几代人的绿化成果毁于一旦,无怪人们称之为“无烟火灾”。桑天牛(Apriona germari),又称桑褐天牛、桑粒肩天牛,俗名为铁炮虫、水牛,钻心虫等。在国内除黑龙江、内蒙古、宁夏、青海、新疆外,各
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