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du shi ou ji
Author(s): 
Pages: 46-50
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Journal of Yangzhou University(Humanities and Social Sciences Edition)

Keyword:  二十年楚辞刘禹锡唐人元遗山秋菊尔雅欧阳野马扬州;
Abstract: <正> 一王荆公诗:“黄昏风雨暝园林,残菊飘零满地金。”欧阳永叔戏之曰:“秋英不比春花落,为报诗人仔细看。”荆公作色曰:“宁不闻楚辞‘夕餐秋菊之落英’耶?”菊之为物,枯而不凋,故前人咏菊有“宁可枝头抱香死”之句也。然则楚辞“夕餐秋菊之落英”为妄乎?曰,否!落英一般作落花解,在此则异,盖谓花之始放也。落训始,早见《尔雅·释诂》。菊之嫩者可佐餐,老而萎者只宜作药用耳。清人龚景瀚《离骚笺》引吴斗南曰:“落英者,谓始华之时。”义益明确。故荊公终不当援此自解。二往读荆公诗,“丈夫出处非无意,猿鹤从来不自知。”其上更有“野人休诵北山移”之句,窃疑荆公出山,有人横加嘲讽,
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