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zhu shen de fu huo shen hua yu yuan xing pi ping
Author(s): 
Pages: 100-110
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: Readings

Keyword:  原型批评古代神话仪式西方文学复活神话思维现代文学人类学维柯原始人类;
Abstract: <正> 上古时代的诗人相信自己凭借神力歌唱,所以荷马史诗开篇便吁请诗神佑助,且成为后代史诗沿袭的套语。柏拉图在《伊安篇》里把诗人和巫师并举,说他们都因神灵附体,如醉如狂,方能奇迹般地吟诗占卜,代神说话。这就是后来人们常说的灵感。屈原的《九歌》就源于古代楚地的“巫风”,是据民间祭神仪式中巫唱的歌改作而成。如《东皇太一》:“灵偃蹇兮姣服,芳菲菲兮满堂;五音纷兮繁会,君欣欣兮乐康”,据洪兴祖《楚辞补注》,这是写“神降而托于巫”的情形。《九歌》中的“灵”有时指神,有时指巫,又都是诗人借以抒发感情的媒介,所
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