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shi ji bang shu bian
Author(s): 
Pages: 117-121
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Journal of Yangzhou University(Humanities and Social Sciences Edition)

Keyword:  司马迁史记天人感应游侠汉武帝封禅董仲舒商品经济列传李陵之祸;
Abstract: <正> 自从《史记》问世以来,就有人认为《史记》是一部谤书。卫宏认为“司马迁作《景帝本纪》,极言其短及武帝过”;班固认为司马迁著书,是“微文刺讥,贬损当世”。更有人认为《史记》以《伯夷列传》居列传之首,在《封禅书》中讽刺封禅求仙,是对汉武帝的微刺谤讪。还有人认为司马迁为项羽立本纪,序游侠,述货殖,也是在徽刺谤讪。凡此说法,值得商榷。 1 最早把《史记》说成谤书的,要推东汉的卫宏。卫宏在其《汉书旧仪注》中说: 司马迁作《景帝本纪》,极言其短及武帝过,武帝怒而削去之。后坐举李陵,陵降匈奴,故下迁蚕室。有怨言,下狱死。卫宏的这段话,与历史事实不符。按卫
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