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lun xin shi qi shi dai zhu jiang san jiao zhou qu yu wen hua
Pages: 153-169
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Acta Archaeologlca Sinica

Keyword:  珠江三角洲地区新石器时代晚期西樵山区域文化贝丘遗址新石器时代遗址考古学文化文化面貌细石器中期;
Abstract: Among archaeologists have long been diverse views on the periodization of the Neolithic in the Zhujiang River Delta. So far, its early stage is still unknown, and, according to the archaeological data available, it is appropriate to divide the Neolithic remains discovered in this region into the middle and late periods. The stone tools, especially the shouldered ones, exhibit rather strong formal difference between the artifacts of the middle period and those of the late stage, which, in addition, saw the appearance of stepped implements. Bone and shell objects are rare in the middle stage and increase distinctly in the late period. The change of pottery is represented, for shape, mainly in rim and bottom and, for decoration, in the appearance of some new motifs, partiqualarty stamped geographical patterns and incised symbols. The burials are discovered mostly in shell mounds and rarely in dunes and on hill sites. The great majority of them have neither tomb pits nor funeral objects. In tomb shape, burial manner and mortuary custom, no grounds have been detected to distinguish the tombs of the middle and late periods, this should be done upon tomb goods when unearthed and finds from stratified contents. Although the "Xijiaoshan culture" was suggested long ago as the name of an archaeological culture, actually, the Xijiaoshan site is only a stone tool workshop functionating for a long time and thus can't be held to be the base to denominate the Neolithic culture of the Zhujiang River Delta. It can be pointed out that there existed two sharply different late Neolithic cultural complexes in the Guangdong region: one is the "aboriginal culture" represented by the remains in the Zhujiang River Delta; the other, the "external culture" represen ed by the Shixia culture.
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