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Thermodynamic Significance of Human Basal Metabolism
Author(s): 
Pages: 81-86
Year: Issue:  2
Journal: Journal of Thermal Science

Keyword:  thermodynamic lawsbasal metabolismblood perfusiondissipation functionexergy loss;
Abstract: <正> The human basal state, a non-equilibrium steady state, is analysed in this paper in the light of the First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics whereby the thermodynamic significance of the basal metabolic rate and its distinction to the dissipation function and exergy loss are identified. The analysis demonstrates the correct expression of the effects of the blood flow on the heat balance in a human-body bio-heat model and the relationship between the basal metabolic rate and the blood perfusion.
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