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huang ting jian mei xue si xiang chu tan
Author(s): 
Pages: 25-31
Year: Issue:  1
Journal: Journal of Yueyang Normal University

Keyword:  美学思想黄庭坚美学观审美情趣美学实践太阳江西派文学艺术杜甫古典哲学;
Abstract: <正>美学与哲学息息相关,中国古典哲学有阴阳说,于是美学也出现了一个四象分类法,即太阳、少阳、太阴、少阴。”“太阳”美学观以刚健为美,其中含柔;“少阳”美学观刚柔相济,柔中显刚,“太阴”美学观以柔为体,其中有刚;“少阴”美学观刚貌实柔,唯柔不刚。概而言之,“太阳”,“少阳”同属阳刚美,“太阴”、“少阴”皆为阴柔美。任何一个文学家、艺术家,都可以按其主要审美情趣与美学实践划归类属,屈原、杜甫属阳刚,庄周、李白归阴柔。宋代江西派诗祖,“以善书名天下”的文学艺术巨匠黄庭坚,也与阳刚豪迈的苏轼泾分渭别,在文学艺术领域里举起了忌晔贵冥,清峭为本,妙脱蹊径,去尘绝俗的阴柔美大旗。
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