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tang shi yu ci shi li
Author(s): 
Pages: 44-46+54
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: Journal of Yangzhou University(Humanities and Social Sciences Edition)

Keyword:  唐太宗白居易唐诗司空曙先秦典籍互文见义李白员外皮日休张九龄;
Abstract: <正> 状如、似。司空曙《早春游望》:“青草状寒芜,黄花似秋菊。”窦庠《东都嘉量亭献留守韩仆射》:“灵槛如朝蜃,飞桥状晚虹。”何频瑜《墙阴残雪》:“状花飞着树,如玉不成盘。”唐太宗《咏兴国寺佛殿前幡》:“拂霞疑电落,腾虚状写虹。”“疑”义同“如”、“似”。李端《白鹭咏》:“映林同落雪,拂水状翻潮。”都于互文见义。又严维《书情献相公》:“孤根独弃惭山木,弱质无成状水萍。”卢纶《客舍苦雨即事寄钱起郎士元二员外》:“积雨暮凄凄,羁人状鸟栖。”元结《闵荒诗》:“船舲状龙鷁,若负宫阙浮。”俱是“似”义。“状”字,在先秦典籍中已出现“类似”之义,如《荀子·礼论》:“状乎无形影,然而成文。”杨注:“状,类也。”
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