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Laparoscopic observation of the anatomy of inferior mesenteric artery
Author(s): 
Pages: 2525-2528
Year: Issue:  15
Journal: The Journal of Practical Medicine

Keyword:  解剖肠系膜下动脉肠系膜下静脉腹腔镜;
Abstract: 目的:阐明肠系膜下动脉(inferior mesenteric artery,IMA)和肠系膜下静脉(inferior mesenteric vein,IMV)的腔镜下解剖学特点,以指导腔镜下血管定位.方法:解剖和观察15具尸体;对126例接受腹腔镜左侧结肠癌和直肠癌手术的患者进行术中观察和术后录像复习.结果:IMA起自腹主动脉前壁,起点大部分平L3椎体或L3-4椎间盘,与主动脉分叉距离(42.08±6.26)mm;IMA分支有多种变异.腔镜下:系膜前,IMA表现为自主动脉前面向左下走行、乙状结肠系膜内隆起并搏动的条索;系膜后,IMA主干位于结肠系膜偏后部,IMA根部是左结肠后间隙内的固有障碍.在左髂总动脉水平,IMA位于左输尿管、左性腺血管内侧,三者位置关系恒定.IMA根部神经纤维分布少.IMV走行于IMA左侧的结肠系膜内,末段与动脉分离后,经十二指肠空肠襞左缘后方进入胰体后面.结论:正确的外科间隙(左结肠后间隙)、标志、外观和线索,是腹腔镜下IMA和IMV定位的解剖学基础.
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