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dan tong dao jing pi shen jing xia duo zhong sui shi shu zhi liao shang niao lu jie shi 90 li
Author(s): 
Pages: 3961-3963
Year: Issue:  23
Journal: THE JOURNAL OF PRACTICAL MEDICINE

Keyword:  尿路结石经皮肾镜输尿管软镜碎石术;
Abstract: 目的:总结单一通道经皮肾镜碎石术(PCNL)治疗上尿路结石的临床经验.方法:90例上尿路结石均采用单通道PCNL结合不同碎石器治疗,鹿角形肾结石者联合输尿管软镜碎石术.结石大小1.0 cm×0.8cm~3.5 cm×6.2 cm,平均1.7 cm×4.1 cm.结果:90例均一期碎石、取石成功,平均手术时间100 min,平均出血量30 mL(10~100 mL),结石清除率为93.3%(84/90);6例残余结石均为鹿角形结石,主要集中于与通道平行的肾后组盏,少部分位于肾中盏,于术后1~2周行二期碎石术,平均手术时间50 min,结石总清除率为95.6%(86/90).4例术后仍有少量结石残留,结合体外冲击波碎石术治疗,随访3个月,结石清除2例.结论:单通道经皮肾镜下多种碎石术联合输尿管软镜治疗上尿路结石可有效提高结石清除率,减少创伤及并发症.
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