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xie shi jiao zheng shu zhong yan xin fan she de guan cha yu hu li
Author(s): 
Pages: 793-795
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Heilongjiang Medicine Journal

Abstract: 眼心反射(oculocardiac reflex,OCR)是在眼科手术操作过程中,由于术者强烈牵拉眼外肌(尤其是眼内直肌),或扭转、压迫眼球所引起.这是一种三叉神经-迷走神经反射,临床表现为心动过缓或心律紊乱[1].一般认为,儿童发生率高于成人,严重者心率减慢可达基础值的50%以上,甚至引起心脏骤停,应引起眼科手术医师和护理人员的重视.斜视矫正术主要以牵拉眼肌为主,因此手术中发生眼心反射较高,经常出现心率减慢、心律失常,严重者出现心跳骤停.本文回顾性分析我院眼科150例斜视矫正术患者的临床资料,总结眼心反射的防治和护理措施.
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