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Effect of Different Mulching Conditions on Soil Moisture Evaporation
Author(s): 
Pages: 29-32
Year: Issue:  4
Journal: WATER SAVING IRRIGATION

Keyword:  土壤蒸发量覆盖物厚度覆盖物;
Abstract: 通过对景泰县兰州理工大学大规模荒漠改良工化试验基地土壤在不同覆盖条件下的水分蒸发量进行了对比试验研究.试验结果表明:土壤表面增加覆盖物可以有效的降低土壤蒸发;随覆盖物厚度的增加,土壤水分蒸发量逐渐降低;1、3、5、7 cm麦秸覆盖条件下土壤水分蒸发量比纯土分别降低20.9%、51.5%、67.5%、74.5%;1、3、5、7cm沙石覆盖条件下土壤水分蒸发量分别比纯土降低25.9%、48.9%、60.6%、70.8%;同时,连续17天测定结果表明,相同厚度情况下,麦秸覆盖下土壤蒸发量明显小于砂石覆盖的土壤水分蒸发量,5 cm厚覆盖物时,砂石是纯土的60.6%,麦秸是纯土的67.5%.试验表明同一时间段内不同覆盖条件下的土壤水分蒸发差异明显.
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