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Advance water-flooding theory for low-permeability reservoirs and its application
Author(s): 
Pages: 78-81,86
Year: Issue:  6
Journal: ACTA PETROLEI SINICA

Keyword:  低渗透油藏启动压力梯度介质变形非线性渗流超前注水注水参数数学模型;
Abstract: 低渗透油藏最显著的特征是存在启动压力梯度和介质变形现象,这使其在开发过程中渗流阻力增大、单井产量降低,递减速度加快,稳产难度加大,并降低最终采收率.对低渗储层启动压力梯度和介质变形进行了物理模拟实验,定量描述了两者的非线性变化规律,分析了介质变形对储层物性参数的影响.通过室内实验、渗流理论、数值模拟以及矿场试验研究,建立了低渗透油藏非线性渗流数学模型,提出了在超前注水期运用保持合理地层压力水平、注水压力、注水强度和注水时机的开发技术,在长庆等低渗透油田现场应用后取得较好的开发效果,提高单井产量15%~20%.
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