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zuo hou tao de tu fei shui guan li ji shu
Author(s): 
Pages: 56-58
Year: Issue:  5
Journal: Deciduous Fruits

Keyword:  土肥水管理技术猕猴桃土壤有机质含量土壤孔隙土层深厚根系呼吸生长发育优质丰产;
Abstract: 猕猴桃是浅根性果树,要达到其优质丰产,土壤应具备3个特点:①土层深厚:在较粘的土壤中,根系多集中在20—40cm土层内。在土层深厚土壤中,根系发达,可深达4m,大多根系集中在30—60cm土层内,可吸收土壤深层的水分和矿质营养;深厚的土层温度变化幅度小,能避免根系遭受冬季低温或夏季高温的危害。②固、液、气三相组成合理:对植物生长最适宜的土壤固、液、气三相组成是土壤孔隙占50%-60%,孔隙中水和空气各占50%左右,根系呼吸正常,有利于对养分的吸收,生长发育良好。③有机质含量高:猕猴桃生长发育的理想土壤有机质含量5%-7%。
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