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The relationship between constructive characteristics and moisture induced diseases of Yungang Grottoes
Author(s): 
Pages: 17-21
Year: Issue:  11
Journal: Geotechnical Investigation & Surveying

Keyword:  石质文物 水患 建造特征 凝结水 云冈石窟;
Abstract: 防治水患是云冈石窟文物保护的重要措施,而水患的形成与石窟文物本身的建造特征具有很大的关系。云冈石窟依据古代风水理论进行选址规划,使其必然受到多种水源的侵袭。洞窟与入渗水、凝结水和地下水相互作用的特征取决于石窟的结构形式、规模、配套建筑物和石雕的造型工艺。采用修建窟檐和室内空气除湿的办法,可以提高窟内水汽环境的稳定性,减少凝结水和冻结过程产生的风化损害。
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